Europe soil degradation due to contamination represents an increasing hazard that requires the development of improved methods for soil remediation. In Spain, Royal Decree 9/2005 governing contaminated soils (RD 9/2005, de 14 de enero) and Madrid Regional Law 2/2002 of Environmental Control provide for environmental impact assessment of a range of activities and projects, including those of regeneration of the contaminated sites.
The EIADES Program proposes to develop innovative scientific tools to tackle these challenges. A methodology to assess the environmental impact of industrial activities on soils and of the remediation projects themselves according to the risk analysis techniques will be developed applying last generation scientific development (PRA Probabilistic Risk Assessment, Biotch-DTA, biotechnology-based –Direct- Toxicity Assessment
The application of different remediation strategies such as electrokinetic, bioremediation and phytoremediation are being carried out in relation to the size and type of contaminant, characteristics of the ecosystem and the future land use. With the aim to evaluate the efficiency of the remediation processes, an ecotoxicological analysis system will be developed to quantify the ecosystem remediation in terms of cost/profit.